Why saturated steam is used for heating?

Last Update: May 30, 2022

This is a question our experts keep getting from time to time. Now, we have got the complete detailed explanation and answer for everyone, who is interested!

Asked by: Jabari Boyle
Score: 4.2/5 (19 votes)

Saturated steam is advantageous in heat transfer due to the high latent heat of vaporization. It is a very efficient mode of heat transfer. In layman's terms, saturated steam is at its dew point at the corresponding temperature and pressure.

Why saturated steam is better than superheated steam?

Although the temperature of superheated steam is always higher than saturated steam at the same pressure, its ability to transfer heat is therefore much lower. The overall effect is that superheated steam is much less effective at transferring heat than saturated steam at the same pressure.

What is saturated steam used for?

Saturated steam is commonly used as a heating source for several applications including reboilers, reactors, heat exchanges and other heat transfer equipment.

Why is steam used for heating?

Steam is used as a heating medium in heat exchangers. ... Low pressure (LP) steam carries more latent heat, is normally of higher quality, reduces scaling, and reduces the fouling factor. LP steam typically requires pressure reducing values, which require more space and require large pipes for condensation.

What does it mean when steam is saturated?

Saturated (dry) steam results when water is heated to the boiling point (sensible heating) and then vaporized with additional heat (latent heating). If this steam is then further heated above the saturation point, it becomes superheated steam (sensible heating).

Why SATURATED STEAM is used In Process Industries? Why Not Superheated Steam

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When dry saturated steam is further heated?

Similarly, on the saturated steam line, the steam is 100% dry. Once it has received all of its enthalpy of evaporation, it reaches the saturated steam line. If it continues to be heated after this point the pressure remains constant but the temperature of the steam will begin to rise as superheat is imparted (C - D).

What is the quality of saturated steam?

A steam quality of 0 indicates 100 % liquid, (condensate) while a steam quality of 100 indicates 100 % steam. ... Saturated steam (meaning steam that is saturated with energy) is completely gaseous and contains no liquid. The boiler operation uses chemical energy from a fuel source to deliver energy to the boiler water.

Is steam heating expensive?

Steam heating is typically less expensive than electric heating.

What is the function of steam?

Steam's capacity to transfer heat is also used in the home: for cooking vegetables, steam cleaning of fabric, carpets and flooring, and for heating buildings. In each case, water is heated in a boiler, and the steam carries the energy to a target object.


Why superheated steam is not used for heating?

Superheated steam is also not useful for heating, but it has more energy and can do more work than saturated steam, but the heat content is much less useful. This is because superheated steam has the same heat transfer coefficient of air, making it an insulator - a poor conductor of heat.

What's the difference between superheated and saturated steam?

Superheated steam is created by further heating wet or saturated steam beyond the saturated steam point. This yields steam that has a higher temperature and lower density than saturated steam at the same pressure.

Is saturated steam wet or dry?

Steam cleaners are the most common use of wet steam, which quickly condenses back to water. Dry steam, also known as saturated steam, is produced by heating water in a closed chamber. Dry steam is the gaseous form of water that is able to carry heat and can travel around obstacles and reach areas that wet steam cannot.

What is the difference between saturated steam and dry saturated steam?

Once the water is heated to boiling point, it is vaporized and turned into saturated steam. When saturated steam is heated above boiling point, dry steam is created and all traces of moisture are erased. ... Dropping the temperature of saturated steam, however, will revert it back to its old form of water droplets.


What are the advantages of superheated steam?

Compared to hot air, superheated steam has much more powerful drying capability as it is vapor with high thermal conductivity. Superheated steam is the gaseous state of water with low oxygen conditions. This prevents oxidation of heated items and lowers the possibility of fires or explosions.

What is the maximum temperature of steam?

generally at the critical point of the vapor dome the max temp and pressure that a steam can have is 375 degree celcius…. above this temp steam is generally called superheated steam……the temp used in steam powerplants using superheated steam can rise the temp to as high as 600 degrees with increased pressure too.

At what temperature does steam become superheated?

Superheated steam, water vapour at a temperature higher than the boiling point of water at a particular pressure. For example, at normal atmospheric pressure, superheated steam has a temperature above 100 °C (212 °F).

What are the two main function of steam?

Answer: The main function of a steam boiler is to producing, storing and troubling the vapor. The liquid contained boiler is nothing but a shell and the heat energy produced while burning of fuel will be moved to water, and then it converts into steam at the required pressure as well as temperature.


Why is steam so powerful?

The water is still nearby, but it's now in a gaseous form called steam. This form of water is also called water vapor, and it's very powerful stuff. This is because steam has a lot of energy. ... This is because as you continue to add more heat, more water molecules turn to vapor, and then you're not heating them anymore!

Can we see steam?

Steam is an invisible gas, unlike water vapor, which appears as a mist or fog. ... At first you don't see anything; that's the steam. And then after the steam are the small white billows of smoke, which is actually the steam condensing back into water vapor (due to contact with the air).

Is steam heating safe?

Steam is an efficient mode of safely transporting large quantities of heat in a system that has few moving parts, which can wear out and fail. ... Safety and efficiency lie in regular inspection and maintenance of your steam-based system, as well as careful handling of system parts.

What are the disadvantages of hot water heating systems?

Hot water heating has the following disadvantages: It's more costly to install and service when compared to forced air furnaces. It's more difficult to add central air conditioning, humidifying and filtering equipment to a home. There is a greater selection of furnaces on the market than boilers.


Is steam heat the best?

Steam heat is incredibly efficient, and it's used by millions of homes and commercial buildings in the U.S. today. However, there are some special precautions that need to be taken. ... In a simplistic form, steam heat systems utilize boilers – usually with a gas or oil-fired burners- to heat water, which turns into steam.

How can you tell quality of steam?

Steam quality is a measure of the amount of saturated steam that coexists with its condensate in a given system. Calculate it by dividing the mass of steam by the total mass of steam and condensate.

How do I improve steam quality?

“The most challenging systems to design are low-pressure steam systems, as the lower pressure steam can inherently contain more moisture.” You can improve steam quality by putting proper separation/scrubbing devices in the steam drum, says M.

Which is the best steam for an industrial process heating?

The presence of moisture reduces the total heat in the steam. Hence dry saturated steam is preferred for process.