Why is ytterbium unique?

Last Update: May 30, 2022

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Ytterbium is a soft, malleable and rather ductile element that exhibits a bright silvery luster. A rare earth, the element is easily attacked and dissolved by mineral acids, slowly reacts with water, and oxidizes in air. The oxide forms a protective layer on the surface. Compounds of ytterbium are rare.

What is special about ytterbium?

Ytterbium is a soft, malleable and ductile chemical element that displays a bright silvery luster when pure. It is a rare-earth element, and it is readily dissolved by the strong mineral acids. It reacts slowly with cold water and it oxidizes slowly in air.

What is the purpose of ytterbium?

Ytterbium metal has possible use in improving the grain refinement, strength, and other mechanical properties of stainless steel. One isotope is reported to have been used as a radiation source substitute for a portable X-ray machine where electricity is unavailable. Few other uses have been found.

What are the properties of ytterbium?

In its metallic form, ytterbium is a bright and shiny metal that is both ductile and malleable and is more reactive than the other lanthanide metals, quickly tarnishing in air as it reacts with oxygen. Seven naturally occurring isotopes of ytterbium are known ranging from mass numbers 168 to 176.

What is unique about element?

Atomic Number and Mass

Each element has its own unique properties. Each contains a different number of protons and neutrons, giving it its own atomic number and mass number. The atomic number of an element is equal to the number of protons that element contains.

Ytterbium - Periodic Table of Videos

38 related questions found

What is the most unique element?

Astatine is a chemical element with the symbol At and atomic number 85. It is the rarest naturally occurring element in the Earth's crust, occurring only as the decay product of various heavier elements.

What are 3 facts about elements?

Fun Facts about Elements
  • Elements found on Earth and Mars are exactly the same.
  • Hydrogen is the most common element found in the universe. ...
  • Isotopes are atoms of the same element, with different numbers of neutrons.
  • In ancient times the elements referred to fire, earth, water, and air.

Does the human body use ytterbium?

Health effects of ytterbium

Ytterbium has no biological role, but it has been noted that its salts stimulate metabolism. Ytterbium is a skin and eye irritant and it is also a suspected teratogen.

What are 3 uses for ytterbium?

Ytterbium has few uses. It can be alloyed with stainless steel to improve some of its mechanical properties and used as a doping agent in fiber optic cable where it can be used as an amplifier. One of ytterbium's isotopes is being considered as a radiation source for portable X-ray machines.

How is ytterbium made?

Ytterbium is produced from its ores by reaction with lanthanum metal. For example, the element is extracted by solvent extraction and ion exchange from monazite.

Which is the rarest element on the Earth?

A team of researchers using the ISOLDE nuclear-physics facility at CERN has measured for the first time the so-called electron affinity of the chemical element astatine, the rarest naturally occurring element on Earth.

How does yttrium affect the environment?

Effects of yttrium on the Environment

It can also enter the environment when household equipment is thrown away. Yttrium will gradually accumulate in soils and water soils and this will eventually lead to increasing concentrations in humans, animals and soil particles.

How did hafnium get its name?

The element is number 72 in the periodic table, and is called hafnium. It takes its name from hafnium, the old Latin name for Copenhagen which is the city in which it was first isolated in 1922.

How common is ytterbium?

It is one of the more common rare earths, present at about 2.7 to 8 parts per million in the crust. It is common in the mineral monazite. 7 natural isotopes of ytterbium occur, plus at least 27 radioactive isotopes have been observed.

Is ytterbium rare or common?

ytterbium (Yb), chemical element, a rare-earth metal of the lanthanide series of the periodic table. Ytterbium is the most volatile rare-earth metal.

What does ytterbium look like?

Characteristics: Ytterbium is a bright, soft, silvery-white metal that is both ductile and malleable. It is a one of the rare earth metals. The metal tarnishes quickly in air and reacts slowly with water.

Is ytterbium found in its pure form?

Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac isolated ytterbium from erbium in 1878. A pure sample of the metal was obtained in 1953. Ytterbium is a metal with the chemical symbol Yb in the lanthanoid group of the periodic table. It has 70 protons in its nucleus and is a rare earth metal.

How important are the elements in our life?

A large fraction of the chemical elements that occur naturally on the earth's surface are essential to the structure and metabolism of living things. Four of these elements (hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen) are essential to every living thing and collectively make up 99% of the mass of protoplasm.

What are the four basic elements?

The Four Elements. Greek philosophy supposed the Universe to comprise four elements: Fire, Water, Earth, and Air.

What are 10 elements examples?

Some of the most common elements are:
  • Hydrogen (H) - nonmetal.
  • Helium (He) - nonmetal.
  • Oxygen (O) - nonmetal.
  • Neon (Ne) - nonmetal.
  • Nitrogen (N) - nonmetal.
  • Carbon (C) - reactive nonmetal.
  • Silicon (Si) - metalloid.
  • Magnesium (Mg) - alkaline earth metal.