Which of the following diseases has been eradicated?

Last Update: October 15, 2022

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Asked by: Lexi Jacobson PhD
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To date, the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared only 2 diseases officially eradicated: smallpox caused by variola

Variola is a large brick-shaped virus measuring approximately 302 to 350 nanometers by 244 to 270 nm, with a single linear double stranded DNA genome 186 kilobase pairs (kbp) in size and containing a hairpin loop at each end.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Smallpox
virus (VARV) and rinderpest caused by the rinderpest virus (RPV).

Which disease has been eradicated?

Two infectious diseases have successfully been eradicated: smallpox in humans and rinderpest in ruminants. There are four ongoing programs, targeting the human diseases poliomyelitis (polio), yaws, dracunculiasis (Guinea worm), and malaria.

Which of the following disease has been eradicated from earth?

Widespread immunization and surveillance were conducted around the world for several years. The last known natural case was in Somalia in 1977. In 1980 WHO declared smallpox eradicated – the only infectious disease to achieve this distinction.

Which of the following disease has been eradicated from India?

Complete answer: The eradication of smallpox from the country was one of the achievements of the government. It was the only infectious disease which has been completely eradicated.

Which disease is most likely to be eradicated?

Polio and Guinea worm are the diseases that have the best chances of being eradicated next. The number of cases of both have decreased dramatically over the last 35 years.

Three Creative Ways to Eradicate Diseases

22 related questions found

Can a virus be eradicated by a vaccine?

Vaccines alone aren't enough to eradicate a virus – lessons from history.

What are 4 diseases that have vaccines?

  • Chickenpox (Varicella)
  • Diphtheria.
  • Flu (Influenza)
  • Hepatitis A.
  • Hepatitis B.
  • Hib.
  • HPV (Human Papillomavirus)
  • Measles.

When did smallpox start in India?

1974 smallpox epidemic in India.

Is yaws eradicated from India?

India is the first country endemic for yaws to eradicate it, a goal the country achieved by years of using targeted awareness and early-treatment campaigns. This May, the WHO certified India yaws-free after an International Verification Team confirmed interruption of transmission of the disease late last year.

Is leprosy eradicated from India?

In 2005, India declared it has eliminated leprosy as a public health problem. This means 15 years ago, it had arrested the prevalence rate of the disease to less than one case per 10,000 population.

What are the 7 diseases?

In the following pages, we present seven infections from the past that still plague us today.
  • Pneumonic/Bubonic Plague. ...
  • Spanish and Swine Flu -- H1N1. ...
  • Polio. ...
  • Chagas Disease. ...
  • Leprosy. ...
  • Hookworm. ...
  • Tuberculosis.

Which disease has no cure?

cancer. dementia, including Alzheimer's disease. advanced lung, heart, kidney and liver disease. stroke and other neurological diseases, including motor neurone disease and multiple sclerosis.

What are the seven killer diseases?

Read on to see the top 10 diseases causing the most deaths worldwide, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) .
  1. Ischemic heart disease, or coronary artery disease. ...
  2. Stroke. ...
  3. Lower respiratory infections. ...
  4. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. ...
  5. Trachea, bronchus, and lung cancers. ...
  6. Diabetes mellitus.

Is polio A virus?

Polio, or poliomyelitis, is a disabling and life-threatening disease caused by the poliovirus. The virus spreads from person to person and can infect a person's spinal cord, causing paralysis (can't move parts of the body).

What are the 6 killer diseases?

Of great importance to public and child health are the vaccines against the so-called six killer diseases of childhood-measles, pertussis, diphtheria, tetanus, tuberculosis and poliomyelitis.

Is kala azar elimination in India?

Bengal is the oldest known Kala-azar endemic area of the world. After the initial success, Kala-azar resurged in 70s. ... The National Health Policy-2002 set the goal of Kala-azar elimination in India by the year 2010 which was revised to 2015.

How did India eradicate yaws?

In 1996, India piloted an initiative to eradicate yaws based on a strategy consisting of active case finding through house-to-house search and treatment of cases and their contacts with long acting penicillin.

What is yaws caused by?

These diseases are caused by spiral bacteria of the genus Treponema, which also includes endemic syphilis (bejel) and pinta. Yaws is the most common of these three infections. The causative organism, Treponema pallidum subspecies pertenue, is closely related genetically to T.

How did smallpox affect India?

At least 10,000—and perhaps as many as 20,000—people in the northeastern Indian state of Bihar have died so far this year from smallpox in what has been described as one of the worst epidemics of the viral disease in recent years.

How many died from smallpox in India?

Between 1868 and 1907, there were approximately 4.7 million deaths from smallpox in India. Between 1926 and 1930, there were 979,738 cases of smallpox with a mortality of 42.3%.

Does smallpox still exist?

Thanks to the success of vaccination, the last natural outbreak of smallpox in the United States occurred in 1949. In 1980, the World Health Assembly declared smallpox eradicated (eliminated), and no cases of naturally occurring smallpox have happened since.

What vaccines do humans need?

Which Vaccinations Do I Need?
  • diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (called the Tdap vaccine)
  • measles, mumps, rubella (the MMR vaccine)
  • hepatitis A.
  • hepatitis B.
  • meningococcal disease (e.g., meningitis)
  • human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • varicella (chickenpox) if you have not had the disease.
  • polio.

How many vaccines for viruses are there?

There are about 20 safe and effective viral vaccines available for use throughout the world. This armamentarium represents one of the most cost-effective tools in public health and preventive medicine.