Which muscle depresses the dorsum of the tongue?

Last Update: May 30, 2022

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Asked by: Marc Barrows
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The hyoglossus, arises from the hyoid bone and retracts and depresses the tongue. The chondroglossus is often included with this muscle. The styloglossus

Anatomical terms of muscle

The styloglossus, the shortest and smallest of the three styloid muscles, arises from the anterior and lateral surfaces of the styloid process near its apex, and from the stylomandibular ligament.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Styloglossus
arises from the styloid process
styloid process
The styloid process is a slender pointed piece of bone just below the ear. It projects down and forward from the inferior surface of the temporal bone, and serves as an anchor point for several muscles associated with the tongue and larynx.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Temporal_styloid_process
of the temporal bone and draws the sides of the tongue up to create a trough for swallowing.

What muscle helps depress the tongue quizlet?

Which of these muscles helps depress the tongue? anterior and posterior fibers of the genioglossus, hypoglossus, and vertical intrinsic muscle of the tongue.

What muscle helps to narrow the tongue?

The transverse muscles run laterally across the tongue, connecting the medial septum and the lateral aspect of the tongue. These muscles help narrow the tongue.

Which intrinsic muscle fibers help to narrow the tongue?

Hypoglossal Nerve (Cranial Nerve XII)

Genioglossus is responsible for protrusion of the tongue, styloglossus draws the tongue back and up, and hyoglossus mediates depression of the tongue. The intrinsic muscles alter the shape of the tongue.

What muscles makes up the bulk of the tongue?

The muscles that form the bulk of the tongue are intrinsic muscles, which run from one part of the tongue to another, and extrinsic muscles, which are attached to bone. There are three extrinsic muscles on each side. Of these the two largest, which we'll see now, are hyoglossus, and genioglossus.

Tongue Muscles and the Hyoid Bone

44 related questions found

How many muscles are in our tongues?

The soft patty of flesh we call the tongue is not just one muscle, it's a conglomeration of eight separate muscles. Unlike other muscles, such as the bicep, tongue muscles don't develop around a supporting bone.

What is the strongest muscle in the human body?

The strongest muscle based on its weight is the masseter. With all muscles of the jaw working together it can close the teeth with a force as great as 55 pounds (25 kilograms) on the incisors or 200 pounds (90.7 kilograms) on the molars.

Why is genioglossus safety muscle of tongue?

why genioglossus muscle is called as safety muscle of tongue?? Bcoz genioglossus helps in protruding the tongue. It keeps the tongue protruded. If the person falls unconscious or if u observe an epileptic attack, then the pt's tongue may fall back due to temporary loss of motor control on tongue muscle.

What muscle moves the lower jaw?

masseter: The large muscle which raises the lower jaw, and assists in mastication.

What is tongue retraction?

Tongue retraction. ... The movement is retraction, a strong, pulling back of the tongue into the posterior portion of the oral cavity, associated with abnormal increased muscle tone. The tip of the tongue is not forward and even with the lower lip.

What are the sides of the tongue called?

The left and right sides of the tongue are separated by a vertical section of fibrous tissue known as the lingual septum. This division is along the length of the tongue save for the very back of the pharyngeal part and is visible as a groove called the median sulcus.

Is your tongue attached to your throat?

Various muscles keep the tongue “suspended” in the throat: Muscles and ligaments connect the tongue to the hyoid bone (or lingual bone) in the upper part of the throat and to the voice box. The lingual frenulum connects the tongue to the lower jaw.

What is the underside of the tongue called?

The frenulum of tongue or tongue web (also lingual frenulum or frenulum linguæ; also fraenulum) is a small fold of mucous membrane extending from the floor of the mouth to the midline of the underside of the tongue.

Which of these muscles depresses the corner of the mouth?

Function. The depressor anguli oris is a muscle of facial expression. The muscle depresses the corner of the mouth which is associated with frowning.

What muscle elevates the mandible?

The function of the masseter muscle is to elevate the mandible and approximate the teeth—additionally, the intermediate and deep muscle fibers of the masseter function to retract the mandible.

What muscle arises from the temporal bone and retracts the tongue?

Styloglossus: originates at styloid process and temporal bone and inserts into side of tongue. It retracts and elevates the tongue.

What muscles connect to jaw?

There are three jaw-closing muscles (masseter, temporalis, and medial pterygoid) and two jaw-opening muscles (lateral pterygoid and digastric).

What is the muscle in your jaw called?

The masseter muscle provides powerful elevation and protrusion of the mandible by originating from the zygomatic arch and inserting along the angle and lateral surface of the mandible. The temporalis muscle originates from the floor of the temporal fossa and inserts onto the coronoid process of the mandible.

How do I relax my Buccinator muscle?

Cheek massage buccinator stretch

Rub the skin on your cheeks down towards your mouth, till you reach the corner of your mouth. Do this for two minutes using your index finger and middle finger. Open your mouth. With one finger inside and the other outside, massage as much of the cheek and lip area as you can.

How genioglossus muscle controls the movement of tongue?

The primary function of the genioglossus muscle is to protrude the tongue anteriorly and deviate the tongue to the opposite side. [5] It also aids in swallowing as it will create a passage to the GIT. [5] When the left and right genioglossus muscles act together, they will depress the middle part of the tongue.

What nerves supply the tongue?

General sensation to the anterior two-thirds of the tongue is by innervation from the lingual nerve, a branch of the mandibular branch of the trigeminal nerve (CN V3). The lingual nerve is located deep and medial to the hyoglossus muscle and is associated with the submandibular ganglion.

Is the tongue a skeletal muscle?

Striated muscle tissue can be actively and intentionally controlled – in contrast to smooth muscle tissue. Besides tongue, larynx and diaphragm, it comprises the whole skeletal muscle tissue which is responsible for movement and stabilization of your skeleton and extremities.

What part of your body is the heaviest?

The largest internal organ (by mass) is the liver, with an average of 1.6 kilograms (3.5 pounds).

What's the smallest muscle in the body?

Stapedius muscle is termed to be the smallest skeletal muscle in human body, which has a major role in otology. Stapedius muscle is one of the intratympanic muscles for the regulation of sound.