Where is pubic symphysis?

Last Update: May 30, 2022

This is a question our experts keep getting from time to time. Now, we have got the complete detailed explanation and answer for everyone, who is interested!

Asked by: Dr. Joe Murphy Jr.
Score: 4.7/5 (15 votes)

The pubic symphysis is found on the anterior side of the pelvis and is the anterior boundary of the perineum. The pubic bones form a cartilaginous joint in the median plane, the symphysis pubis. The joint keeps the two bones of the pelvis together and steady during activity.

Can you feel your pubic symphysis?

You can feel the pubic symphysis by pressing on your lower front pelvic bone, just above your genital area. Your health professional can tell when it is separated or misaligned simply by pressing on it.

What is pubic symphysis?

Medical Definition of pubic symphysis

: the rather rigid articulation of the two pubic bones in the midline of the lower anterior part of the abdomen. — called also symphysis pubis.

Where do you feel pubic symphysis pain?

You may feel the pain in the front middle of your pubic bone, in your lower back on one or both sides, and/or in your perineum (the area between your vagina and anus). The pain may radiate to your upper thighs. The pain may worsen when you widen your legs or when you put weight on one leg.

Do females have pubic symphysis?

The true pelvis vs. ... The pelvic inlet in males tends to be more heart-shaped (narrower on the dorsal side) and the pelvic outlet tends to be more narrow. The pubic arch, found immediately inferior to the pubic symphysis, tends to form an angle closer to 90° in females, but forms an angle closer to 60° in males.

Pubic Symphysis Separation

15 related questions found

Where is the pubic bone on a female?

The pubis, also known as the pubic bone, is located in front of the pelvic girdle. In the rear, the ilium and ischium form the bowl shape of the pelvic girdle. The two halves of the pubic bone are joined in the middle by an area of cartilage called the pubic symphysis.

Can you exercise with pubic symphysis?

Exercises to Help Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction. While symphysis pubis dysfunction doesn't affect your pregnancy, it can make it difficult to complete everyday tasks. Exercises to help relieve SPD largely focus on strengthening your pelvic and abdominal muscles, which support your pelvis.

How long does pubic symphysis last?

A separated pubic symphysis can take 3 to 8 months to heal on its own. For most women with this condition, pain or discomfort lingers for about 2 months after childbirth.

How do you fix pubic symphysis dysfunction?

Remedies
  1. placing a pillow between the legs when sleeping.
  2. avoiding sitting for too long.
  3. applying an ice pack to the pelvic area.
  4. staying active but avoiding any activities that cause pain.
  5. incorporating rest breaks every day.
  6. wearing supportive shoes.
  7. keeping the knees together when getting in and out of the car.


What can you do for pubic symphysis pain?

In severe cases of SPD, pain medications or TENS therapy may be prescribed. You may also be provided with supportive equipment such as crutches or pelvic support belts. Application of heat or cold to the area may reduce pain or swelling.

Can you break your pubic symphysis?

Pubic symphysis diastasis injuries typically occur following a high velocity force such as road traffic accidents, horse riding, crush injuries and falls from a height. There are reports of a range of injuries caused by waterslides including spinal fractures, head injuries and vaginal injuries.

What causes pubic symphysis degeneration?

General pubic symphysis dysfunction

The cause for pubic symphysis dysfunction can be attributed to hormonal changes, lengthening and weakening of pelvic ligaments, thoracolumbar fascia and muscles.

What causes symphysis pubis pain?

Pubic symphysis joint pain is commonly provoked by moving the legs apart, such as getting in and out of a car, climbing out of bed, rolling in bed, or going up and down stairs. Standing up from prolonged sitting, particularly on a soft couch, is another known trigger.


How do you sleep with pubic symphysis?

There are a few steps you can take to ensure sleeping on your side is a little easier if you suffer from SPD. Sleep with a pillow in between your knees. This will help keep your pelvis aligned and will take the stretch off your hip and pelvic muscles when lying on your side by slightly elevating your top leg.

Can SPD cause bed rest?

Post-childbirth care: Bed rest may be necessary until the pain subsides. Women with SPD might require more support and could need to stay longer in the hospital.

How early can you get symphysis pubis dysfunction?

“SPD can really come on at any time during pregnancy,” she says. “But 12-14 weeks is usually when you have a peak in relaxin.

How is pubic symphysis dysfunction diagnosed?

A diagnosis is often made symptomatically e.g. after pregnancy but imaging is the only way to confirm diastasis of the symphysis pubis. Radiography, like an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), x-ray, CT (computerised tomography) or ultrasound, has been used to confirm the separation of the symphysis pubis.


Can SPD cause permanent damage?

Squatting with SPD can lead to long-term or permanent pain and damage. Another position to be avoided is lying on your back during labour.

Does SPD mean C section?

If you're prepared, and get good advice and support, symphysis pubis dysfunction (SPD) shouldn't cause you problems during labour. You're unlikely to be offered an induction or a caesarean section purely because you have SPD.

Does a woman's pelvis break during childbirth?

As the pelvic bones loosen during pregnancy, the pubic symphysis can temporarily separate. This is not a dangerous condition. But it can be painful.

What does degenerative changes of the pubic symphysis mean?

Degeneration of the symphysis pubis accompanies aging and postpartum. Women have a greater thickness of this pubic disc which allows more mobility of the pelvic bones, hence providing a greater diameter of pelvic cavity during childbirth.


Do women's bones break during childbirth?

There were 35 cases of bone injuries giving an incidence of 1 per 1,000 live births. Clavicle was the commonest bone fractured (45.7%) followed by humerus (20%), femur (14.3%) and depressed skull fracture (11.4%) in the order of frequency.

How do you sit with SPD?

✔Sitting - try to avoid sitting cross legged or on the floor. Sitting with your bum at the back of the chair and support the lower spine with a cushion or lumbar roll with both feet on the floor. ✔Walking - try to keep within your limits, don't push through pain as this will only make things feel worse!

Is symphysis pubis dysfunction a disability?

Pregnancy is not usually associated with disability or difficulty with activities of daily living, however when a woman develops symphysis pubis dysfunction (SPD), she may become disabled.

Why is my pubic bone sticking out?

Some people can be of normal weight, or even underweight, and have a prominent mons pubis due to a genetic disposition for targeted fat collection in this area. A larger mons pubis can also come with weight gain. 1 It is rare to find an obese woman or man who does not store excess fat in the pubic area.