Where does marasmus occur?

Last Update: May 30, 2022

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Asked by: Eleanora Bashirian
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Marasmus is a form of severe malnutrition. It can occur in anyone who has severe malnutrition, but it usually occurs in children. It typically occurs in developing countries. Marasmus can be life-threatening, but you can get treatment for it.

Where is marasmus found?

Marasmus is a form of malnutrition in which inadequate amounts of both protein and calories are consumed, resulting in an energy deficit in the body. Marasmus occurs most often in developing nations or in countries where poverty, along with inadequate food supplies and contaminated water, are prevalent.

When does marasmus occur?

It can occur in anyone with severe malnutrition but usually occurs in children. Body weight is reduced to less than 62% of the normal (expected) body weight for the age. Marasmus occurrence increases prior to age 1, whereas kwashiorkor occurrence increases after 18 months.

Is marasmus found in adults?

Both adults and children can have marasmus, but it most often affects young children in developing countries.

Does marasmus only occur in children?

It mainly occurs in children who are weaning off breast milk, while marasmus can develop in infants. If your diet has a lot of carbohydrates and very little proteins, you may develop kwashiorkor. This is not a concern for most people living in developed countries, and only occurs in severe cases of malnutrition.

Kwashiorkor vs. Marasmus | Nutrition Mnemonic

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What food can cure marasmus?

Initial treatment of marasmus often includes dried skim milk powder mixed with boiled water. Later, the mixture can also include a vegetable oil such as sesame, casein, and sugar. Casein is milk protein. The oil increases the energy content and density of the mixture.

What are the symptoms of marasmus Class 6?

What are the Symptoms of Marasmus?
  • Weight loss.
  • Chronic diarrhoea.
  • Dehydration.
  • Dizziness.
  • Lack of energy.
  • Measles.
  • Respiratory infections.
  • Brittle hair and dry skin.

What is the deficiency of marasmus?

Marasmus is a condition primarily caused by a deficiency in calories and energy, whereas kwashiorkor indicates an associated protein deficiency, resulting in an edematous appearance.

How is kwashiorkor and marasmus treated?

How is kwashiorkor treated? Kwashiorkor can be corrected by eating more protein and more calories overall, especially if treatment is started early. You may first be given more calories in the form of carbohydrates, sugars, and fats. Once these calories provide energy, you will be given foods with proteins.

Can pellagra be cured?

Oral therapy with nicotinamide or niacin usually is effective in reversing the clinical manifestations of pellagra. Because patients are often malnourished and have other vitamin deficiencies, provisions for a high-protein diet and the administration of B-complex vitamins are needed for complete recovery.

What causes kwashiorkor kids?

What causes kwashiorkor? The main cause of kwashiorkor is not eating enough protein or other essential vitamins and minerals. It's most common in developing countries with a limited food supply, poor hygiene, and a lack of education about the importance of giving babies and children an adequate diet.

What is PEM?

According to World Health Organization, protein energy malnutrition (PEM) refers to “an imbalance between the supply of protein and energy and the body's demand for them to ensure optimal growth and function”.[1] It is a major public health problem in India.

How do you prevent PEM?

Mild or moderate PEM are best judged by anthropometry; regular weighing, for monitoring growth, may be a useful control strategy. Because infections play such an important role in PEM, three practical approaches-immunization, deworming of children, and oral rehydration therapy for diarrhea--are discussed.

What causes beriberi?

Today, beriberi occurs mostly in people who abuse alcohol. Drinking heavily can lead to poor nutrition. Excess alcohol makes it harder for the body to absorb and store vitamin B1. In rare cases, beriberi can be genetic.

What is the difference between malnutrition and marasmus?

Unlike Kwashiorkor, Marasmus is malnutrition that is characterized by a deficiency of energy. The child is malnourished due to insufficient energy intake in all forms which includes even proteins. This leads to 62% low body weight with respect to height and age.

What is PEM describe kwashiorkor and marasmus?

Marasmic kwashiorkor is caused by acute or chronic protein deficiency and chronic energy deficit and is characterized by edema, wasting, stunting, and mild hepatomegaly. The distinction between kwashiorkor and marasmus is frequently blurred, and many children present with features of both conditions.

What is kwashiorkor and its symptoms?

Kwashiorkor is a condition resulting from inadequate protein intake. Early symptoms include fatigue, irritability, and lethargy. As protein deprivation continues, one sees growth failure, loss of muscle mass, generalized swelling (edema), and decreased immunity. A large, protuberant belly is common.

What is marasmus Class 11?

Marasmus disease is caused due to vitamin deficiency. It usually occurs when a person's diet does not contain all the vitamins and nutrients that the body needs to function. It involves wasting of body tissues, mainly muscles, and subcutaneous fat and it resulted in severe restrictions in energy intake.

How can scurvy be prevented?

Scurvy can be prevented by consuming enough vitamin C, preferably in the diet, but sometimes as a supplement. The United States (U.S.) Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS) advise the following intake of vitamin C: Up to 6 months: 40 mg, as normally supplied though breastfeeding.

What are the two types of PEM?

The term Kwashiorkor and Marasmus are the two main diseases of protein energy malnutrition (PEM).

Which is PEM disease?

Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a common childhood disorder and is primarily caused by deficiency of energy, protein, and micronutrients. PEM manifests as underweight (low body weight compared with healthy peers), stunting (poor linear growth), wasting (acute weight loss), or edematous malnutrition (kwashiorkor).

What is PEM and its types?

Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is classically described as 1 of 2 syndromes, marasmus and kwashiorkor, depending on the presence or absence of edema. Each type may be classified as acute or chronic. Additionally, marasmus can precede kwashiorkor.

Why do starving children's stomachs bloat?

Kwashiorkor is a severe form of malnutrition associated with a deficiency in dietary protein. The extreme lack of protein causes an osmotic imbalance in the gastrointestinal system causing swelling of the gut diagnosed as an edema or retention of water.

How much should a 20 month old eat?

20-Month-Old Food

How Much Should My 20-Month-Old Eat and Drink? One- to 2-year-olds should be eating much like you do: Three meals per day, plus two snacks. Give her a variety of foods in all food groups—vegetables, fruits, grains, protein and dairy—daily. Toddlers tend to get too little calcium, iron and fiber.