What is vedanga jyotisha?

Last Update: May 30, 2022

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Vedanga Jyotisha, or Jyotishavedanga, is one of earliest known Indian texts on astrology. The extant text is dated to the final centuries BCE, but it may be based on a tradition reaching back to about 700-600 BCE. The text is foundational to Jyotisha, one of the six Vedanga disciplines.

What do you mean by Vedanga?

The Vedanga (Sanskrit: वेदाङ्ग vedāṅga, "limbs of the Veda") are six auxiliary disciplines of Hinduism that developed in ancient times and have been connected with the study of the Vedas: Shiksha (śikṣā): phonetics, phonology, pronunciation.

What are the subjects of Vedanga?

Vedangas are six auxiliary disciplines associated with the study and understanding of the Vedas. Vedangas are additional limbs or chapters in the Vedas. The six Vedangas are – Shiksha (Phonetics), Kalpa (Ritual Canon), Vyakaran (Grammar), Nirukta (explanation), Chhanda (Vedic meter) and Jyotisha (Astrology).

How many verses are there in Vedanga Jyotisha?

The work is current in two recensions, one in 36 verses related to the Rgveda and the other in 43 verses related to the Yajurveda, most of the verses in the two texts being compion. Several attempts have been made earlier 10 cdit and interpret this popular text.

How many Vedanga are there?

Six Vedangas are there in total.

The Vedanga are six auxiliary disciplines of Hinduism that developed in ancient times and have been connected with the study of the Vedas.


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32 related questions found

What are the six shastras?

  • Dharma Shastra.
  • Artha Shastra.
  • Kamasutra.
  • Brahma Sutras.
  • Samkhya Sutras.
  • Mimamsa Sutras.
  • Nyāya Sūtras.
  • Vaiśeṣika Sūtra.

What is chhanda Vedanga?

Chhanda (Vedic meter)

It measures and divides Vedic Mantras by number of padas in a verse, which is called Padas. Number of padas divides each verse, hymn, or mantra and number of syllables divides each pada.

Who wrote Vedangas?

The extant text is dated to the final centuries BCE, but it may be based on a tradition reaching back to about 700-600 BCE. The text is foundational to Jyotisha, one of the six Vedanga disciplines. Its author is traditionally named as Lagadha.

Which of the following comes under Smriti literature?

The texts include the important religious manuals known as the Kalpa-sutras; the compilations of ancient myth, legends, and history, the Puranas; and the two great epics of India, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. The latter contains within it probably the single most influential text in Hinduism, the Bhagavadgita.

What are Dharmasutras?

The Dharmasutras can be called the guidebooks of dharma as they contain guidelines for individual and social behavior, ethical norms, as well as personal, civil and criminal law. They discuss the duties and rights of people at different stages of life like studenthood, householdership, retirement and renunciation.


How many Smriti are there?

Yājñavalkya gives the list of total 20 by adding two more Smritis, namely, Yājñavalkyasmriti and Manusmriti.

Which is the oldest text on phonetics?

Each ancient Vedic school developed this field of Vedanga, and the oldest surviving phonetic textbooks are the Pratishakyas.

What do you mean by brahmanas?

The Brahmanas (/ˈbrɑːmənəz/; Sanskrit: ब्राह्मणम्, Brāhmaṇam) are Vedic śruti works attached to the Samhitas (hymns and mantras) of the Rig, Sama, Yajur, and Atharva Vedas. ... Each Veda has one or more of its own Brahmanas, and each Brahmana is generally associated with a particular Shakha or Vedic school.

Which among the following is not be called Vedanga?

Notes: In Vedic literature the six Vedangas are: Siksa, Vyakarana, Chandas, Niruktas, Jyotisa and Kalpa. Brahmana is not a vedanga.

Why are the Vedangas studied?

The Vedangas give insights into the meters, structure, language and meaning of the Vedas, as well as helping to understand other post-Vedic texts and aspects of Hindu and yogic philosophy. The six Vedangas are: Shiksha - the study of phonology, phonetics and pronunciation.


How many Upanishads are there?

There are over 200 Upanishads but the traditional number is 108. Of them, only 10 are the principal Upanishads: Isha, Kena, Katha, Prashan, Mundaka, Mandukya, Tattiriya, Aitareya, Chhandogya and Brihadaranyaka.

What is in Upanishads?

The Upanishads are the philosophical-religious texts of Hinduism (also known as Sanatan Dharma meaning “Eternal Order” or “Eternal Path”) which develop and explain the fundamental tenets of the religion.

Which river is mentioned in Rigveda?

The most prominent river in the Rig Veda is Saraswati. The Rig Veda mentions the Saraswati river as between the Yamuna to the East and river Sutlej to the west.

What is the name of 18 Puranas?

Puranas - All 18 Maha Puranas(English): Vishnu, Naradiya, Padma, Garuda, Varaha, Bhagavata, Matsya, Kurma, Linga, Shiva, Skanda, Agni, Brahmanda, Brahmavaivarta, Markandeya, Bhavishya, Vamana, Brahma Kindle Edition. Find all the books, read about the author, and more.

What is there in four Vedas?

There are four Indo-Aryan Vedas: the Rig Veda contains hymns about their mythology; the Sama Veda consists mainly of hymns about religious rituals; the Yajur Veda contains instructions for religious rituals; and the Atharva Veda consists of spells against enemies, sorcerers, and diseases.

How many types of Sastra are there?

How many types of Sastra are there? They are : Vedas (four), Vedangas (six), Purana, Meemansa, Nyaya, Dharma Shasthras, Ayurveda, Dhanurveda, Gandharva Veda and Ardha (Economics) Sasthras.

What does the words Shiksha and Adhyapana mean?

“Siksha” means to learn to recite. ... The word 'Adhyapana' which literally means 'to go near' implies the idea of pupils going to some teacher for education. ADVERTISEMENTS: The ancient Indian education emerged from the Vedas, because the Vedas are the source of Indian Philosophy of life.

What does the manusmriti describes?

Manusmriti is usually traslated as "code of Manu", but it literally means "reflections of Manu". ... Manusmriti is a code of conduct put together by brahmins, mainly for brahmins, and maybe for other "upper" caste communities, especially the king. It is part of a set of documents known as dharma-shastras.

Which is the oldest Smriti?

  • Manu Smriti is considered to be the oldest Smriti.
  • It is variously dated to be from the 2nd century BCE to 3rd century CE.
  • It presents itself as a discourse given by dharma topics such as duties, rights, laws, conduct, virtues and others.