What is macintyre's choice between aristotle and nietzsche?

Last Update: May 30, 2022

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MacIntyre's argument against Nietzsche is that if the original rejection of Aristotle was in fact a mistake, then it follows that each of the following philosophies based upon this rejection would be ill informed and unnecessary.

What were the main points of Nietzsche philosophy?

Nietzsche's philosophy contemplates the meaning of values and their significance to human existence. Given that no absolute values exist, in Nietzsche's worldview, the evolution of values on earth must be measured by some other means.

What is Nietzsche's alternative morality?

According to Nietzsche, masters create morality; slaves respond to master morality with their slave morality. Unlike master morality, which is sentiment, slave morality is based on re-sentiment—devaluing what the master values and the slave does not have.

Is Alasdair MacIntyre a relativist?

Alasdair Chalmers MacIntyre (1929— ) ... MacIntyre began his career as a Marxist, but in the late 1950s, he started working to develop a Marxist ethics that could rationally justify the moral condemnation of Stalinism.

What are Nietzsche's values?

3.2 Some Nietzschean Values
  • 1 Power and Life. The closest Nietzsche comes to organizing his value claims systematically is his insistence on the importance of power, especially if this is taken together with related ideas about strength, health, and “life”. ...
  • 2 Affirmation. ...
  • 3 Truthfulness/Honesty.

Alasdair MacIntyre, After Virtue ch14 | I How The Account Is Aristotelian | Philosophy Core Concepts

36 related questions found

What was God's first mistake?

God's first mistake: man did not think animals entertaining, – he dominated them, he did not even wish to be an “animal”. Consequently God created woman. And boredom did indeed cease from that moment, but many other things ceased as well!

What were Nietzsche's ideas?

Nietzsche argued that two types of morality existed: a master morality that springs actively from the "nobleman", and a slave morality that develops reactively within the weak man. These two moralities do not present simple inversions of one another.

Does MacIntyre agree with Aristotle?

Money has a role to play in the virtuous life; there are certain virtues, such as generosity, which are impossible or at least very difficult to carry out without money – here MacIntyre agrees with Aristotle.

Was MacIntyre a Marxist?

Despite his current reputation, however, MacIntyre was, in fact, one of the most erudite and prolific Marxist intellectuals on the British left during the 1950s and early 1960s.

What is Emotivism theory?

Emotivism, In metaethics (see ethics), the view that moral judgments do not function as statements of fact but rather as expressions of the speaker's or writer's feelings.

Does Nietzsche prefer master morality?

There is only one way to resolve this: to say that Nietzsche does not favor either morality because he is opposed to all moralities – or at the very least, all moralities existing at the time he wrote. This is the sense in which he is an immoralist.

Is Nietzsche a nihilist?

Summary. Nietzsche is a self-professed nihilist, although, if we are to believe him, it took him until 1887 to admit it (he makes the admission in a Nachlass note from that year). No philosopher's nihilism is more radical than Nietzsche's and only Kierkegaard's and Sartre's are as radical.

What were Plato's main ideas?

In metaphysics Plato envisioned a systematic, rational treatment of the forms and their interrelations, starting with the most fundamental among them (the Good, or the One); in ethics and moral psychology he developed the view that the good life requires not just a certain kind of knowledge (as Socrates had suggested) ...

Who said woman was God's second mistake?

Friedrich Nietzsche, a German philosopher, who regarded 'thirst for power' as the sole driving force of all human actions, has many a one-liner to his credit. 'Woman was God's second mistake', he declared.

What is the central idea of Nietzsche's philosophy of power?

The “will to power” (German: der Wille zur Macht) is a prominent concept in the philosophy of Nietzsche, who believed that the desire for power is the main driving force in humans – namely, achievement, ambition, and the striving to reach the highest possible position in life.

When did Alasdair MacIntyre convert to Catholicism?

MacIntyre converted to Roman Catholicism in the early 1980s, and now does his work against the background of what he calls an "Augustinian Thomist approach to moral philosophy." In an interview with Prospect, MacIntyre explains that his conversion to Catholicism occurred in his fifties as a "result of being convinced ...

What is Aristotle often credited for?

Aristotle is a towering figure in ancient Greek philosophy, who made important contributions to logic, criticism, rhetoric, physics, biology, psychology, mathematics, metaphysics, ethics, and politics. ... As the father of western logic, Aristotle was the first to develop a formal system for reasoning.

Is Mcintyre a Scottish name?

Mcintyre Name Meaning

Scottish: Anglicized form of Gaelic Mac an tSaoir 'son of the craftsman'. Compare Irish McAteer.

What is Emotivism MacIntyre?

Emotivism, explains Macintyre, "is the doctrine that all evaluative judgments and more specifically aU moral judgments are nothing but expressions of preference, expressions of attitude or feeling .... "2 On this account, the person who remarks, "Kindness is good," is not making a truth claim but simply expressing a ...

What is the primary function of the state according to Aristotle?

What Aristotle wants to say is that the objective of the state is to make the life of the individual noble and happy. This is the most important function. But the state must also look after the security and general welfare of its citizens.

How does MacIntyre define practice?

At the centre of MacIntyre's work is the concept of 'practice', which he defines as follows: By a 'practice' I am going to mean any coherent and complex form of socially established cooperative. human activity through which goods internal to that form of activity are realised in the course of trying.

Was Nietzsche an anarchist?

During the last decade of the 19th century, Nietzsche was frequently associated with anarchist movements, in spite of the fact that in his writings he seems to hold a negative view of anarchists. This may be the result of a popular association during this period between his ideas and those of Max Stirner.

Who said God Dead?

Nietzsche, as a mid-19th-century German philosopher, first declared God dead in the context of this idealism. He might just as well simultaneously have declared "reason" dead. Indeed, he did just that.

Did Nietzsche believe in free will?

The 19th-century philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche is known as a critic of Judeo-Christian morality and religions in general. One of the arguments he raised against the truthfulness of these doctrines is that they are based upon the concept of free will, which, in his opinion, does not exist.

What are the main ideas of Aristotle?

In aesthetics, ethics, and politics, Aristotelian thought holds that poetry is an imitation of what is possible in real life; that tragedy, by imitation of a serious action cast in dramatic form, achieves purification (katharsis) through fear and pity; that virtue is a middle between extremes; that human happiness ...