What does the medical term nephrohypertrophy mean?

Last Update: May 30, 2022

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Asked by: Prof. Anthony Mraz
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(nĕf″rō-hī-pĕr′trō-fē) [″ + hyper, over, + trophe, nourishment] Increased size of kidneys.

What is a Nephrography?

Medical Definition of nephrography

: radiography of the kidney.

What is meant by nephrolithotomy?

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (nef-roe-lih-THOT-uh-me) is a procedure used to remove kidney stones from the body when they can't pass on their own. A scope is inserted through a small incision in your back to remove the kidney stones.

What does punctate mean in medical terms?

Medical Definition of punctate

(Entry 1 of 2) : characterized by dots or points punctate skin lesions.

What is Ureterostenosis?

Medical Definition of ureterostenosis

: stricture of a ureter.

Nephrolithiasis

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What does Prostatorrhea mean?

Medical Definition of prostatorrhea

: an abnormal discharge of secretion from the prostate gland especially when more or less continuous.

What does Urethrocystitis mean?

n. Inflammation of the urethra and the bladder.

What does punctate mean on an MRI?

Last Updated: October 2, 2020. Time to read: 5 minutes. White matter hyperintensities (WMHs) are lesions in the brain that show up as areas of increased brightness when visualised by T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

What does tomography mean in medical terms?

Medical Definition of tomography

: a method of producing a three-dimensional image of the internal structures of a solid object (as the human body) by the observation and recording of the differences in the effects on the passage of waves of energy impinging on those structures. — called also stratigraphy.

What does SPK mean in ophthalmology?

Superficial punctate keratitis (SPK) is the characteristic finding in Thygeson's Disease where the upper layers of the cornea are inflamed. An ophthalmologist may note small white opacities just below the surface of the cornea with a characteristic "negative fluorescein staining" pattern.

What size of kidney stone requires surgery?

The larger a stone is, the less likely that it will pass without surgery. Surgical treatment is usually recommended for stones 0.5 centimeters in size and larger, as well as for patients who fail conservative management. The procedures used today to remove stones are minimally invasive and highly effective.

Can you pass a 2 cm kidney stone?

How Small Is Small Enough? The smaller the kidney stone, the more likely it will pass on its own. If it is smaller than 5 mm (1/5 inch), there is a 90% chance it will pass without further intervention.

How long is kidney stone removal surgery?

What to Expect From Ureteroscopy. The ureteroscopic stone removal procedure is done under general anesthesia and takes approximately 1.5 hours with subsequent post-operative recovery. Sometimes, a hollow tube called a ureteral stent is used to prevent post-operative flank pain (that can mimic kidney stone pain).

What does MAG3 stand for?

MAG3 (which stands for Mercaptoacetyltriglycine) is a radiopharmaceutical that is injected into the bloodstream. MAG3 is linked to a radioisotope which emits (gives out) gamma rays which can be detected by a gamma camera. MAG3 is taken up in the kidneys and passed out into the urine.

How does a Nephroscope work?

The nephroscope uses ultrasound or a laser probe to break apart the target (for example, kidney stones). Once broken apart, the pieces are suctioned out through one of the channels of the scope or pulled out through the scope with graspers.

What is striated Nephrogram?

Striated nephrogram is a descriptive term indicating an appearance of alternating linear bands of high and low attenuation in a radial pattern extending through the corticomedullary layers of the kidney on iodine-based intravenous contrast enhanced imaging.

How harmful is CT scan?

At the low doses of radiation a CT scan uses, your risk of developing cancer from it is so small that it can't be reliably measured. Because of the possibility of an increased risk, however, the American College of Radiology advises that no imaging exam be done unless there is a clear medical benefit.

Is MRI better than CT scan?

Magnetic resonance imaging produces clearer images compared to a CT scan. In instances when doctors need a view of soft tissues, an MRI is a better option than x-rays or CTs. MRIs can create better pictures of organs and soft tissues, such as torn ligaments and herniated discs, compared to CT images.

What is a CT scan used to diagnose?

Diagnose muscle and bone disorders, such as bone tumors and fractures. Pinpoint the location of a tumor, infection or blood clot. Guide procedures such as surgery, biopsy and radiation therapy. Detect and monitor diseases and conditions such as cancer, heart disease, lung nodules and liver masses.

What is the life expectancy of someone with white matter disease?

It is not possible to stop disease progression, and it is typically fatal within 6 months to 4 years of symptom onset. People with the juvenile form of metachromatic leukodystrophy, which develops between the age of 4 and adolescence, may live for many years after diagnosis.

What does white matter on an MRI mean?

White matter disease is commonly detected on brain MRI of aging individuals as white matter hyperintensities (WMH), or 'leukoaraiosis.” Over the years it has become increasingly clear that the presence and extent of WMH is a radiographic marker of small cerebral vessel disease and an important predictor of the life- ...

What can white spots on brain MRI mean?

Small strokes are the most common cause of white spots on a brain MRI. Small strokes are often caused by blockages of small blood vessels due to high blood pressure and/or diabetes. Large strokes are usually caused by heart disease or carotid artery disease.

Can your urethra get irritated?

People with urethral syndrome have an inflamed or irritated urethra. Urethral syndrome is also known as symptomatic abacteriuria. It has many of the same symptoms as urethritis, which is an infection and inflammation of the urethra. These symptoms include abdominal pain and frequent, painful urination.

What is Urethrotrigonitis?

Definition. Inflammation of both the urethra and the trigone of the urinary bladder. [

What is inflammation of the bladder?

Cystitis (sis-TIE-tis) is the medical term for inflammation of the bladder. Most of the time, the inflammation is caused by a bacterial infection, and it's called a urinary tract infection (UTI).