What does moiety mean?

Last Update: May 30, 2022

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In organic chemistry, a moiety is a part of a molecule that is given a name because it is identified as a part of other molecules as well.

What is an example of a moiety?

A moiety is a part of the chemical structure of a molecule or compound that could include a substructure, such as a functional group. For example, benzyl acetate has an acetyl moiety and benzyl alcohol moiety. Each moiety of benzyl acetate, in turn, contains a portion of the functional group.

How do you use moiety in a sentence?

Moiety in a Sentence ?
  1. If the medicine makes you feel drowsy, you should only take a moiety of the dosage before going to work and the other half when you get home.
  2. Jim's wife was entitled to a moiety of his lottery winnings.
  3. When my sister and I shared the bag of chips, she took a moiety and gave me the other portion.

What does moiety mean in chemistry?

Definition. In organic chemistry, the term moiety is used to denote a portion of a molecule, which may be a functional group, or describe a portion of a molecule with multiple functional groups which share common structural aspects.

What are moieties in biology?

A fragment of a molecule, especially one that comprises an identifiable unit, e.g. an acetyl or pyridoxal phosphate group, a regulatory subunit.

➗ Learn English Words: MOIETY - Meaning, Vocabulary with Pictures and Examples

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What is meaning of fervid?

1 : very hot : burning. 2 : marked by often extreme fervor (see fervor sense 1) a fervid crusader fervid fans.

How are moieties formed?

The moiety system is a more unusual form of unilineal descent and involves the occurrence of descent groups in linked pairs which assume complementary positions and functions. Each moiety (or half) of a pair will almost always be exogamous and take its husbands and wives exclusively from the matched group.

What does Nescience mean?

: lack of knowledge or awareness : ignorance. Other Words from nescience Synonyms & Antonyms Gain Some Knowledge of Nescience Example Sentences Learn More About nescience.

What does AC stand for in chemistry?

Infobox references. In organic chemistry, acetyl is a moiety, the acyl with chemical formula CH3CO. It is sometimes represented by the symbol Ac (not to be confused with the element actinium). The acetyl group contains a methyl group single-bonded to a carbonyl.

What is the meaning of hydrophilic moiety?

- In Hydrophilic, hydro means 'water' and philic means loving. Totally hydrophilic means water loving nature. ... - The hydrophilic moiety has a capability to dissolve in water due to the presence of the polar groups on the surface of the hydrophilic components.

Does moiety mean half?

The Anglo-French moité (meaning "a half" or "part of something") comes from Late Latin medietat-, meaning "a half." Around the same time that moiety was borrowed from Anglo-French, medietat- was also borrowed directly from Latin as mediety, a word which can also mean "a half." Medietat- comes from Latin medius (meaning ...

What can be divided into a moiety?

moiety Add to list Share. A moiety is one of two equal parts. If you cut a sandwich in half, you can have one moiety for lunch and give the other moiety to a pigeon. One moiety plus one moiety equals a whole. Moiety is a synonym for the noun half; a semicircle or your better half can be referred to as a moiety.

What is water moiety?

A portion, such as of a molecule. This is because the subunits are present in the larger polymers but not fully, that is, due to the loss of water molecules during dehydration synthesis. ...

What is the main function of a moiety system?

Moiety systems occur in two basic forms: as a feature related to but not necessarily determining the regulation of marriage, and as a system through which to divide a community into two groups for ceremonial or other purposes.

What is a moiety in Native American culture?

In the anthropological study of kinship, a moiety (/ˈmɔɪəti/) is a descent group that coexists with only one other descent group within a society. ... Moiety societies operate particularly among the indigenous peoples of North America and Australia (see Australian Aboriginal kinship for details of Aboriginal moieties).

What is a PK?

"Player Kill" is a gaming term, which refers to killing a character controlled by another player as opposed to a BOT (Robot Player), which is a player controlled by a computer.

What is the name of COCH3?

The methyl acyl group, CH3CO, formally derived from acetic acid. ac′e·tyl′ic (ăs′ĭ-tĭl′ĭk) adj.

What is the full form of AC?

AC is used to refer to an electric current that continually changes direction as it flows. AC is an abbreviation for 'alternating current'. In Europe, AC is usually generated at 50 Hz.

What is Nescience ignorance?

“Ignorance” is associated with “the act of ignoring”. Per contrast, “nescience” means “to not know” (viz., Latin prefix ne = not, and the verb scire = “to know”; cf. the etymology of the word “science”/prescience). ... We know about the truth but we actively ignore it for the most part.

How do I use Nescience?

Professor Tyndall's own address terminates, not in science, but nescience. When the porter was questioned about Prothero his nescience was profound. In such a naked state of nescience, Valentin had a view and a method of his own. He wished to know the reality of our nescience as well as of our science.

What do you call someone who is ignorant?

Frequently Asked Questions About ignorant

Some common synonyms of ignorant are illiterate, unlearned, unlettered, and untutored. While all these words mean "not having knowledge," ignorant may imply a general condition or it may apply to lack of knowledge or awareness of a particular thing. an ignorant fool.

What is a Cognatic clan?

the cognatic pattern of descent in which males trace their descent through the male line of their father and females through the female line of their mother. ... Both males and females inherit a patrilineal family membership but only males can pass it on to their descendants. Also known as "agnatic descent."

What is descent and marriage?

Different descent principles and marriage rules result in the formation of different types of families and larger kin based groups. Regardless of the descent and marriage pattern used by a society, however, most people at some time in their lives are members of more than one family group.

What is Matricentric family in sociology?

Matrifocality or matricentric is the family structure which is centered around the mother and her children, in such a family the father has a minimal and insignificant role to play in the household and almost no participation in bringing up the children. ... In such a family, descent is traced back to the mother's line.