Should i take metformin hydrochloride with food?

Last Update: May 30, 2022

This is a question our experts keep getting from time to time. Now, we have got the complete detailed explanation and answer for everyone, who is interested!

Asked by: Collin Pfannerstill
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It's best to take metformin with a meal to reduce the side effects. The most common side effects are feeling and being sick, diarrhoea, stomach ache and going off your food. Metformin does not cause weight gain, unlike some other diabetes medicines.

What happens if you take metformin without food?

Importantly, metformin does not stimulate insulin secretion so although there is a small risk of hypoglycaemia if taken without food, this is minimal compared with other antidiabetic drugs. Metformin can, however, increase the risk of hypoglycaemia if used in combination with other antidiabetic medicines.

Is it bad to take metformin on an empty stomach?

Take metformin with food.

It's OK to take the medicine on an empty stomach, but having it with a meal makes it easier to handle.

When is the best time to take metformin?

Standard metformin is taken two or three times per day. Be sure to take it with meals to reduce the stomach and bowel side effects that can occur – most people take metformin with breakfast and dinner. Extended-release metformin is taken once a day and should be taken at night, with dinner.

Can I take metformin 30 minutes before meal?

Taking metformin with a meal has been shown to decrease bioavailability of metformin. We hypothesized that taking metformin 30 min before a meal improves glucose metabolism.

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Do I take metformin before or after meals?

It's best to take metformin with a meal to reduce the side effects. The most common side effects are feeling and being sick, diarrhoea, stomach ache and going off your food.

What should you not eat when taking metformin?

According to the University of Michigan, you should avoid eating high-fiber foods after taking metformin. This is because fiber can bind to drugs and lower their concentration. Metformin levels decrease when taken with large amounts of fiber (greater than 30 grams per day).

What is the bad news about metformin?

In rare cases, metformin can cause lactic acidosis, a serious side effect. Lactic acidosis is the harmful buildup of lactic acid in the blood. It can lead to low blood pressure, a rapid heart rate, and even death. Vomiting and dehydration increase the risk of lactic acidosis in people taking metformin.

Does metformin reduce belly fat?

Conclusions: Metformin has no clinically significant effect in reducing visceral fat mass, although it does have a beneficial effect on lipids. This trial lends support to the growing evidence that metformin is not a weight loss drug.


Why is metformin taken at night?

The administration of metformin, as glucophage retard, at bedtime instead of supper time may improve diabetes control by reducing morning hyperglycemia.

Why was metformin taken off the market?

The companies are recalling metformin due to the possibility the medicines could contain nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) above the acceptable intake limit. FDA published a recalled metformin list including details about metformin products that have been recalled.

How long can you stay on metformin?

The American Diabetes Association (ADA) also recommends metformin for some patients with prediabetes. Generally, if you are prescribed metformin, you will be on it long term. That could be many decades, unless you experience complications or changes to your health that require you to stop taking it.

What is the proper way to take metformin?

  1. Metformin alone: At first, 5 milliliters (mL) two times a day, or 8.5 mL once a day with meals. Your doctor may increase your dose if needed until your blood sugar is controlled. ...
  2. Metformin with a sulfonylurea: Your doctor will determine the dose of each medicine.
  3. Metformin with insulin: At first, 5 mL once a day.


Can I take 2 500mg metformin at once?

DO NOT take 2 doses at the same time. Common Side Effects: Loose stools/diarrhea, upset stomach, and gas. These USUALLY GET BETTER if you keep taking your metformin.

Which fruits should be avoided in diabetes?

Fruit is also an important source of vitamins, minerals, and fiber. However, fruit can also be high in sugar. People with diabetes must keep a watchful eye on their sugar intake to avoid blood sugar spikes.
...
Fruits high in sugar
  • watermelons.
  • dried dates.
  • pineapples.
  • overly ripe bananas.

Can I eat cake while taking metformin?

According to the American Diabetes Association, people with diabetes can still have sweets, chocolate, or other sugary foods as long they are eaten as part of a healthful meal plan or combined with exercise.

How much weight will I lose on metformin?

According to one long-term study , the weight loss from metformin tends to occur gradually over one to two years. The amount of weight lost also varies from person to person. In the study, the average amount of weight lost after two or more years was four to seven pounds.


Why are doctors no longer prescribed metformin?

In May 2020, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommended that some makers of metformin extended release remove some of their tablets from the U.S. market. This is because an unacceptable level of a probable carcinogen (cancer-causing agent) was found in some extended-release metformin tablets.

Why is metformin bad for you?

Metformin can cause a life-threatening condition called lactic acidosis. People who have lactic acidosis have a buildup of a substance called lactic acid in their blood and shouldn't take metformin. This condition is very dangerous and often fatal.

Who should not use metformin?

Your doctor will probably tell you not to take metformin. Also, tell your doctor if you are over 65 years old and if you have ever had a heart attack; stroke; diabetic ketoacidosis (blood sugar that is high enough to cause severe symptoms and requires emergency medical treatment); a coma; or heart or liver disease.

When Should metformin be stopped?

It is recommended that metformin should be discontinued once eGFR falls below 30 ml/min/1.73 m2 and to decrease the metformin dose in mild to moderate renal impairment (eGFR 30–60 ml/min/1.73 m2).


Is metformin safe now?

If you are currently taking immediate release (IR) metformin, you can continue to take your medication safely. The FDA has not found high NDMA levels in the more commonly prescribed immediate release (IR) metformin products. Metformin is commonly used to help people with type 2 diabetes manage their blood sugar levels.

How many eggs can a Type 2 diabetic eat in a week?

Eggs are a source of high-quality protein that can play a helpful role in regulating blood sugar levels for people with diabetes. Enjoy up to 12 eggs per week as part of a nutritious diet that's higher in vegetables, fruit, whole grains and lean protein, and lower in highly-processed food.

What is the best food to eat with metformin?

Prepare whole foods, such fruits, vegetables, and grains. Limit your intake of processed foods. Eat a high-protein, low-carb, low-fat diet.

Why can't diabetics eat bananas?

Bananas contain carbs, which raise blood sugar

If you have diabetes, being aware of the amount and type of carbs in your diet is important. This is because carbs raise your blood sugar level more than other nutrients, which means they can greatly affect your blood sugar management.