How india eradicated polio?

Last Update: October 15, 2022

This is a question our experts keep getting from time to time. Now, we have got a complete detailed explanation and answer for everyone, who is interested!

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A study published around this time showed that pulsing three doses of oral polio vaccine offered better immunisation. That led to the concept of 'pulse immunisation' conducted in Vellore, which subsequently became the first Indian town to be polio-free in 1983.

How did India get rid of polio?

In 1994, the Indian Government launched the Pulse Polio Campaign to eliminate polio. The current campaign involves annual vaccination of all children under age five.

How did we eradicate polio?

Thanks to the polio vaccine, dedicated health care professionals, and parents who vaccinate their children on schedule, polio has been eliminated in this country for more than 30 years. This means that there is no year-round transmission of poliovirus in the United States.

Where did polio originally come from?

The source of reinfection was wild poliovirus originating from Nigeria. A subsequent intense vaccination campaign in Africa, however, led to an apparent elimination of the disease from the region; no cases had been detected for more than a year in 2014–15.

What viruses are eradicated?

Eradicated diseases
  • Smallpox.
  • Rinderpest.
  • Poliomyelitis (polio)
  • Dracunculiasis.
  • Yaws.
  • Malaria.
  • Worm infections.
  • Lymphatic filariasis.

How can India eradicate polio?

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Why does Pakistan have polio?

Climate. Fecal-oral transmission is the most common source of transmission of the poliovirus in developing countries, including Pakistan. In addition to the poor health and water sanitation infrastructure, the transmission of the virus is also heightened because of the high population density and climate conditions.

When did India became a polio free country?

India received polio-free certification along with the entire South-East Asia Region of WHO on 27 March 2014 by WHO. January 2020 marks the nine years since the last case of polio was reported in India.

Is polio still in India?

The last reported cases of wild polio in India were in West Bengal and Gujarat on 13 January 2011. On 27 March 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared India a polio free country, since no cases of wild polio been reported in for five years.

Is polio a vaccine?

The virus spreads from person to person and can invade an infected person's brain and spinal cord, causing paralysis (can't move parts of the body). Polio can be prevented with vaccine. Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) is the only polio vaccine that has been given in the United States since 2000.


Is polio A virus?

Polio, or poliomyelitis, is a disabling and life-threatening disease caused by the poliovirus. The virus spreads from person to person and can infect a person's spinal cord, causing paralysis (can't move parts of the body).

Which country has become free from polio virus?

On August 25, 2020, the continent was declared free of wild poliovirus. This leaves only two countries on the globe – Pakistan and Afghanistan – where wild polio is found.

Who removed polio in India?

However, in 2014, India was officially declared polio-free, along with the rest of the South-East Asia Region. Thanks to the singular commitment of the Indian Government at all levels, partners of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, notably WHO, Rotary International and UNICEF, polio was tackled head-on.

What countries still have polio 2021?

Polio is still endemic in three countries, i.e., Pakistan, Nigeria and Afghanistan and is eradicated from the rest of the world.


Why has Pakistan not eradicated polio?

Policy issues. Besides militancy, experts also blame a flawed government policy for polio's continued existence in Pakistan. Dr. Adnan Khan, an Islamabad-based researcher on infectious disease and public health, says bad governance is one of the reasons behind the failure of Pakistan's polio eradication program.

Does Pakistan have polio?

Introduction: Polio, which is caused by poliovirus, is a contagious, potentially crippling, and deadly disease. Pakistan is one of the countries in which polio is still endemic in the 21st century. In 2019, 146 polio cases were reported across the country with some resulting in deaths.

Is there any cure for polio?

There is no cure for polio, it can only be prevented. Polio vaccine, given multiple times, can protect a child for life.

Can polio come back?

Post-polio syndrome isn't contagious. The theory that the polio virus may lie dormant in your body, causing post-polio syndrome when it becomes reactivated at a later stage, has been disproven. It's not clear why only some people who've had polio develop post-polio syndrome.


Where in the world is polio most common?

Only two polio-endemic countries (nations that have never interrupted the transmission of wild poliovirus) remain—Afghanistan and Pakistan. Without our polio eradication efforts, more than 18 million people who are currently healthy would have been paralyzed by the virus.

Who eradicated polio?

The Global Polio Eradication Initiative is a public-private partnership led by national governments with six core partners – the World Health Organization (WHO), Rotary International, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), UNICEF, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance.

Which countries have eradicated polio?

With this historic milestone, five of the six WHO regions – representing over 90% of the world's population – are now free of the wild poliovirus, moving the world closer to achieving global polio eradication. Only two countries worldwide continue to see wild poliovirus transmission: Pakistan and Afghanistan.

Why is polio still a problem in some nations?

Polio is a disease that has lifelong health consequences for those infected. The poliovirus is of particular concern to public health because it spreads easily - it can circulate without causing symptoms for weeks, and so can travel great distances, entering polio-free areas by land, sea or air travel.


What animal did polio come from?

The discovery by Karl Landsteiner and Erwin Popper in 1908 that polio was caused by a virus, a discovery made by inoculating macaque monkeys with an extract of nervous tissue from polio victims that was shown to be free of other infectious agents.

Is Covid a virus?

What is COVID-19. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause respiratory infections. These can range from the common cold to more serious diseases. COVID-19 is a disease caused by a form of coronavirus.

When did they stop giving polio vaccine in us?

OPV was recommended for use in the United States for almost 40 years, from 1963 until 2000. The results have been miraculous: Polio was eliminated from the United States in 1979 and from the Western Hemisphere in 1991. Since 2000, only IPV is recommended to prevent polio in the United States.