Has india eradicated polio?

Last Update: May 30, 2022

This is a question our experts keep getting from time to time. Now, we have got the complete detailed explanation and answer for everyone, who is interested!

Asked by: Dr. Royal Ernser
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In 2014, India was finally declared polio-free.

Is there still polio in India?

The Pulse Polio Immunization Programme was rolled out in India on 2 October 1994, when India accounted for around 60% of the global polio cases. The last polio case in India was reported a decade ago in Howrah on 13 January 2011, and the country has been free of polio.

How did India get rid of polio?

Pulse Polio is an immunisation campaign established by the government of India to eliminate poliomyelitis (polio) in India by vaccinating all children under the age of five years against the polio virus. The project fights polio through a large-scale, pulse vaccination programme and monitoring for poliomyelitis cases.

Which polio virus is eradicated in India?

India's success in eliminating wild polioviruses (WPVs) has been acclaimed globally. Since the last case on January 13, 2011 success has been sustained for two years. By early 2014 India could be certified free of WPV transmission, if no indigenous transmission occurs, the chances of which is considered zero.

What country did polio come from?

The source of reinfection was wild poliovirus originating from Nigeria. A subsequent intense vaccination campaign in Africa, however, led to an apparent elimination of the disease from the region; no cases had been detected for more than a year in 2014–15.

How can India eradicate polio?

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Which polio has been eradicated?

Our Progress Against Polio

Of the three serotypes of wild poliovirus, type 2 was certified as eradicated in 2015 and type 3 was certified as eradicated in 2018.

What countries still have polio 2020?

Wild poliovirus has been eradicated in all continents except Asia, and as of 2020, Afghanistan and Pakistan are the only two countries where the disease is still classified as endemic.

When did India became a polio free country?

Polio free India: India marks more than nine years since last polio case: India received polio-free certification along with the entire South-East Asia Region of WHO on 27 March 2014 by WHO. January 2020 marks the nine years since the last case of polio was reported in India.

What viruses are eradicated?

Two infectious diseases have successfully been eradicated: smallpox in humans and rinderpest in ruminants. There are four ongoing programs, targeting the human diseases poliomyelitis (polio), yaws, dracunculiasis (Guinea worm), and malaria.

Why does Pakistan have polio?

Climate. Fecal-oral transmission is the most common source of transmission of the poliovirus in developing countries, including Pakistan. In addition to the poor health and water sanitation infrastructure, the transmission of the virus is also heightened because of the high population density and climate conditions.

Is Pakistan polio-free?

Pakistan and Afghanistan are the only two countries left where the wild polio virus continues to threaten the health and wellbeing of children. ... Our surveillance system stays highly sensitive as total of 84 wild polio cases have been detected from 38 districts of Pakistan in 2020 to date.

Can a virus be completely eradicated?

To date, the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared only 2 diseases officially eradicated: smallpox caused by variola virus (VARV) and rinderpest caused by the rinderpest virus (RPV).

Do pandemics last forever?

That probably sounds bleak, but don't despair. The truth of the matter is that pandemics always end. And to date vaccines have never played a significant role in ending them. (That doesn't mean vaccines aren't playing a critical role this time.

Is there a vaccine against Ebola?

Recent research advances have produced some effective tools against EVD. These include two vaccines against Ebola virus that have recently received regulatory approval: rVSV-ZEBOV, a single-dose vaccine, made by Merck; and the two-dose Ad26. ZEBOV/MVA-BN-Filo, made by Janssen Vaccines and Prevention5.

Is polio A virus?

Polio, or poliomyelitis, is a disabling and life-threatening disease caused by the poliovirus. The virus spreads from person to person and can infect a person's spinal cord, causing paralysis (can't move parts of the body).

Why polio is not eradicated in Pakistan?

Besides militancy, experts also blame a flawed government policy for polio's continued existence in Pakistan. Dr. Adnan Khan, an Islamabad-based researcher on infectious disease and public health, says bad governance is one of the reasons behind the failure of Pakistan's polio eradication program.

What vaccine was given in the 70s?

During the 1970s, one vaccine was eliminated. Because of successful eradication efforts, the smallpox vaccine was no longer recommended for use after 1972. While vaccine research continued, new vaccines were not introduced during the 1970s.

Does polio have a vaccine?

Polio can be prevented with vaccine. Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) is the only polio vaccine that has been given in the United States since 2000. It is given by shot in the arm or leg, depending on the person's age.

What caused polio?

Polio is caused by 1 of 3 types of the poliovirus. It often spreads due to contact with infected feces. This often happens from poor handwashing. It can also happen from eating or drinking contaminated food or water.

Where in the world is polio most common?

Wild polio cases have decreased globally by more than 99% since 1988, but the virus is still endemic in Afghanistan and Pakistan, which report dozens of cases every year.

Can a virus be eradicated by a vaccine?

Vaccines alone aren't enough to eradicate a virus – lessons from history.

How was SARS eradicated?

There are many similarities between severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) from the virus homology to the origin and transmission routes. SARS was effectively eradicated by implementing top-down draconic measures to halt all human-to-human transmission.

What are the six killer diseases?

Of great importance to public and child health are the vaccines against the so-called six killer diseases of childhood-measles, pertussis, diphtheria, tetanus, tuberculosis and poliomyelitis.

Is Afghanistan polio-free?

Since then, the country has sustained its polio-free status by maintaining high population immunity through the administration of oral polio vaccine (OPV) and inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) as part of routine immunisation along with supplementary immunisation activities, global-quality surveillance for all cases ...

Does Pakistan still have polio cases?

Pakistan is one of the countries in which polio is still endemic in the 21st century. In 2019, 146 polio cases were reported across the country with some resulting in deaths.