Cations are positively charged ions that play a major role in the chemistry of elements and compounds. Understanding the behavior of cations is essential in order to understand the behavior of many substances. In this article, we will explore the behavior of cations when it comes to electrons to gain a better understanding of their behavior.
What are Cations?
Cations are ions that have a positive charge. They are created when an atom loses one or more electrons, resulting in a net positive charge. Cations are usually formed by metals, such as sodium, potassium, and calcium, which are all cations. Cations can also be formed by non-metals, such as ammonium, which is a cation.
Do Cations Gain or Lose Electrons?
Cations always lose electrons to become positively charged. This is because electrons are negatively charged, and cations are positively charged. The loss of electrons makes the cation more stable, which is why cations tend to form when an atom loses electrons.
In addition, cations can also gain electrons. This is usually done in order to form a bond with another atom or molecule. For example, sodium cations can gain electrons to form a bond with chlorine atoms, resulting in the formation of sodium chloride.
In conclusion, cations always lose electrons to become positively charged. However, cations can also gain electrons in order to form a bond with another atom or molecule. Understanding the behavior of cations is essential in order to understand the behavior of many substances.